No New York neighborhood has changed more than SoHo. Located directly south of Houston Street on the west side of Manhattan (bordered by Lafayette Street to the east, Canal Street to the south, Varick Street to the west), SoHo is a friendly, beautiful, and history-rich section of New York that is home to some of the best shopping, dining, and avant-garde art.
For most of the 20th century, however, SoHo was a rundown and neglected slum of manufacturers and wholesalers. The lack of substantial fire code laws and unsafe working conditions led to many dangerous and deadly fires. Firefighters dubbed the area "Hell's Hundred Acres."
The large number of fires added to the popularity of a new concept in architecture: the use of cast-iron. The cast-iron buildings of SoHo were successful mergers of an old-world beauty and detail, as well as new-world mass production.
However, what started as a quick, cheap way of assembling buildings turned into one of modern architecture's greatest achievements. Early designers favored the "palazzo" style and copied the Italian Renaissance palaces. Architects were also influenced by the French Second Empire, Baroque balustrades, and Renaissance columns. A prime example of this is the Haughwout Building, located on the northeast corner of Broome and Broadway. Though decreed as landmarks in 1973, the beauty of these cast-iron buildings is often overlooked.
Forced to relocate due to increasing rents and limited space, artists in the mid-1960s fled to the large, open loft spaces of SoHo. Attracted by the immense room, abundance of natural light, and low-to-non-existent rents, SoHo became the new headquarters for the New York art scene. Galleries quickly followed, bringing a substantial amount of money into the area—along with the new chic art crowd.
Today SoHo is trendy, eclectic, and always bustling with activity. Tourists and locals alike flock to this neighborhood for shopping on Broadway and galleries on Grand (which have, sadly, diminished due to rising rents). Stores range from national chains to unique boutiques, from Marc Jacobs to H&M to The Evolution Store: a store that sells natural history collectibles usually found only in museums.
There is also the New York City Fire Museum, which tells the history of the New York City Fire Department, the famous Angelika Film Center multiplex, and the Children's Museum of Arts. On Wooster Street is the world's first museum devoted to LGBT art and artists, the Leslie-Lohman Museum for Gay and Lesbian Art. The museum began as an exhibit in a SoHo loft in 1969, the year of the Stonewall Riots. Now Leslie-Lohman Museum houses the largest archive of queer art in the world.
The eastern portion of SoHo is Nolita ("North of Little Italy"), which becomes the Lower East Side at Allen Street and Little Italy at Broome Street. The gloss of Soho continues in Nolita, with chic boutiques lining Lafayette and a well-heeled crowd traveling on Prince Street. Find books and coffee at McNally Jackson Books, outdoor gear at REI, and cocktails at Mother's Ruin. The International Center of Photography Museum, located on Bowery, is worth a brief visit for its engrossing photography exhibitions.
Established, thriving, and commercial, SoHo is certainly no longer the bohemian center of the 1970s. It has once again transformed itself into a shopping empire, and chances are it will transform again!
Dining in SoHo: For a list of our favorite restaurants in SoHo, click here.